Conditions of serving a prison sentence in criminal correctional institutions, various deprivations, limitations and difficulties, prescribed norms, standards of behaviors and many similar phenomena, are creating aversion to the prison administration, the conventional control system and its officials. It is also known that prisoners perceive the prison staff as the society representatives who sentenced, rejected and placed them in the inferior living conditions. This is the basis on which the hostility between prisoners and prison staff develops, what can develop into the negative group mood and open conflict, having a background in the prisoners’ system of values, norms and code of conduct. The result of such hostility and aversion are just various offenses that a formal system sanctions with disciplinary measures. That psychological atmosphere in the criminal - correctional institutions often depends on the balance of punishment and rewarding prisoners. Punishment and rewards are an integral part of the educational treatment, but very often the necessary methods and means on which depends the organization and functioning of the criminal – correctional institutions. Punishments and rewards are also important factors that affect the process of re-socialization, and the aim of this paper is exactly to realize the purpose, effects and criteria for pronouncing a disciplinary measure and reward the prisoners.
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